Planting vegetables is a productive and organic practice. Growing them in a greenhouse allows an extended growing season even when the climate is cold or warm, so having one allows vegetable production regardless of the weather conditions of a location.
A vegetable greenhouse is not a luxury; it is rather an innovative way to make agriculture sustainable. Having one is therefore important and practical. Many people may not see how having a greenhouse is any different from outdoor cultivation. Even when they decide to own one, they wonder how to do so and maintain it properly.
Why Is a Vegetable Greenhouse Important?
A greenhouse allows gardeners to cultivate crops that may not be in season or do not thrive in a particular area. Many vegetables we get are grown in other places, but greenhouses make it possible for us to prepare a special place that is warm and favorable to these plants.
These structures can also protect plants from potential damage due to environmental issues or pests. It can also reduce the level of infestation caused by insects. With greenhouses, you create barriers from storm and wind. The warmth in it also improves vegetable growth.
Steps to Starting Vegetable Greenhouses
Starting greenhouse cultivation can be quite stressful. However, here are five helpful steps to follow:
1. Check for Space
The amount of space at your disposal is an important factor to consider. If you want a big one, consider the space and how many vegetables you wish to grow inside.
2. Determine the Type of Greenhouse to Build
Three main types are best for cultivation:
This is built by attaching it to an already existing structure. In this type, you won’t need four walls and it is not as expensive as other types. But the sunlight that enters it is limited because it is not a four-wall structure.
This structure is a stand-alone with walls by all its sides. Building it is quite expensive, yet it comes with its advantages. Because it is a stand-alone, you have much more growing spaces than others so you can extend the garden considerably.
It is smaller and mobile. It can fit a shelved planter that can hold different plants at a time. If you have a small space, this is ideal for you.
You may want to check out https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-different-types-of-greenhouses to read more about the types of greenhouses.
3. Choosing the Right Spot
Selecting the right spot is very important because it can affect the growth of the plants. So when choosing this, consider the following:
- The proximity to your house
- If there is direct access to water and electricity.
- If it has an efficient drainage system.
- If it has enough sunshine that can enter the house.
4. Additional Materials
Aside from the greenhouse, there are certain things to add to make it beneficial for a vegetable planter. You can choose to add:
Solar Heaters or Lamps
During cold weather conditions, you need the greenhouse to be warm and comfy for the plants. Also, it can retain the warmness of the sun during cold seasons.
Vents or Fans
They help to regulate the temperature of greenhouses so that air circulates all through the interior.
This will protect the plants from burns due to the hot sun.
5. Start Cultivating
Now that you have everything covered, you can start cultivating the seeds. Ensure you have containers, humid fertile soil, composts, and water ready. Prepare the beds and plant the vegetables based on the growth requirements and see how they flourish.
How to Maintain
To maintain greenhouses, two important factors should remain regulated: temperature and humidity. Both play an important role in ensuring a thriving yield for plants. Now, here are methods that have been proven to help maintain greenhouses:
- Use lights or a heater to regulate temperature, especially during cold weather.
- Have a temperature regulatory system to monitor the interior temperature. This can also be used to check the moisture of soils and check its acidity.
- Have fans and vents inside because greenhouses can trap heat, and this causes an increase in temperature. The fans or installed vents will reduce high temperature and improve the humidity of the space.
- Avoid watering plants too much. Plants can evaporate increasing humidity, instead water the soil.
- Inspect seeds or plants before planting them to avoid infestation of pests.
- Clean the house regularly and keep the plants stalked and well-organized.
- Hire a professional to fumigate once every year.
- Provide a good water system for plant moisture and ensure to carry out watering every day.
You may want to watch this video to know more about growing vegetables in greenhouses.
Deciding to own a greenhouse is one thing, maintaining it is another important step. Therefore, if you want vegetables to grow and thrive, take care in keeping your growing space clean always.